The Hampton Roads Transportation Planning Organization (HRTPO) is the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) for the Hampton Roads Metropolitan Planning Area (MPA).  The HRTPO Fiscal Year (FY) 2021–2024 Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is a four-year program for the implementation of surface transportation projects within the Hampton Roads MPA.  The TIP contains federally-funded projects and/or regionally significant projects that require an action by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) or the Federal Transit Administration (FTA).  Before any federally-funded and/or regionally significant surface transportation project can be built in the Hampton Roads MPA, it must be included in the current TIP that has been approved by the HRTPO.

The projects in the TIP are either drawn directly from the fiscally constrained Hampton Roads Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) or deemed consistent with the LRTP for smaller scoped projects that need not be individually listed in the LRTP. In compliance with Title VI, the TIP incorporates the completed analysis of the potential benefits and impact distributions of regionally significant transportation investments included in the Long-Range Transportation Plan.

As the federally designated MPO, the HRTPO is responsible for coordinating the transportation planning activities for the Hampton Roads MPA.  This includes the planning and programming of Federal funds through the TIP.  To ensure compliance, the FY 2021–2024 TIP was developed in accordance with all applicable Federal regulations associated with the current Federal transportation legislation entitled the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA).

The FY 2021–2024 TIP was developed by the HRTPO in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT), the Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation (DRPT), Hampton Roads Transit (HRT), and the Williamsburg Area Transit Authority (WATA).  The HRTPO Board-approved TIP is incorporated into the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP), which is submitted to the FHWA and FTA for approval.  The TIP must be consistent with the current fiscally-constrained Long-Range Transportation Plan and identifies near-term programming of Federal, state, local, and other transportation funds.

The TIP must be financially constrained – meaning that the amount of funding programmed cannot exceed the amount of funding reasonably expected to be available. Once the TIP is approved by the HRTPO Board, the approved TIP may be revised in order to add new projects, delete projects, and update or change information associated with projects.  In order to add projects to the TIP, sufficient revenues must be available, other projects must be deferred, or new revenues must be identified.  Consequently, the TIP is a list of projects with funding commitments during the timeframe of the TIP.

In the HRTPO's Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP), the application of transportation equity in the planning process helps to ensure transportation decisions deliver equitable benefits to a variety of users and that any associated burdens are avoided, minimized, or mitigated so as not to disproportionately impact disadvantaged populations.

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